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official state bird list

State bird list (as of 1 OCTOBER 2014)

Based on records evaluated through 1 October 2014, the State List stands at 430 species. This list is reproduced below. Species in magenta are review species (fewer than 20 accepted records for the state) that require a rare bird report for evaluation by the MBRC before the record can be entered into the Montana Bird Distribution database. See Review Species for more details, including regional exceptions for reporting requirements. Taxonomy and nomenclature follow the 7th edition of the AOU check-list and the latest supplements to the check-list.

The Supplemental Bird List (known as "Hypothetical List" in some states) contains species reported by a single observer only (with no photo or specimen), or for which only one independent write-up was received even though multiple observers were present, or for which the only reports represent birds of uncertain origin that may have escaped from captivity. These species are not yet on the official state list.

For information contact Jeff Marks, Secretary, at 503-774-4783 or

Order Anseriformes
Family Anatidae
Greater White-fronted Goose
Snow Goose
Ross’s Goose
Cackling Goose
Canada Goose
Mute Swan
Trumpeter Swan
Tundra Swan
Wood Duck
Eurasian Wigeon
American Wigeon
American Black Duck
Blue-winged Teal
Cinnamon Teal
Northern Shoveler
Northern Pintail
Baikal Teal
Green-winged Teal
Ring-necked Duck
Tufted Duck
Greater Scaup
Lesser Scaup
Harlequin Duck
Surf Scoter
White-winged Scoter
Black Scoter
Long-tailed Duck
Common Goldeneye
Barrow’s Goldeneye
Hooded Merganser
Common Merganser
Red-breasted Merganser
Ruddy Duck

Order Galliformes
Family Odontophoridae
California Quail
Family Phasianidae
Gray Partridge
Ring-necked Pheasant
Ruffed Grouse
Greater Sage-Grouse
Spruce Grouse
Willow Ptarmigan
White-tailed Ptarmigan
Dusky Grouse
Sharp-tailed Grouse
Greater Prairie-Chicken
Wild Turkey

Order Gaviiformes
Family Gaviidae
Red-throated Loon
Pacific Loon
Common Loon
Yellow-billed Loon

Order Podicipediformes
Family Podicipedidae
Pied-billed Grebe
Horned Grebe
Red-necked Grebe
Eared Grebe
Western Grebe
Clark’s Grebe

Order Procellariiformes
Family Procellariidae
Manx Shearwater

Order Ciconiiformes
Family Ciconiidae
Wood Stork

Order Suliformes
Family Phalacrocoracidae
Double-crested Cormorant

Order Pelecaniformes
Family Pelecanidae
American White Pelican
Family Ardeidae
American Bittern
Least Bittern
Great Blue Heron
Great Egret
Snowy Egret
Little Blue Heron
Cattle Egret
Green Heron
Black-crowned Night-Heron
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron
Family Threskiornithidae
Glossy Ibis
White-faced Ibis

Order Accipitriformes
Family Cathartidae
Turkey Vulture
Family Pandionidae
Family Accipitridae
White-tailed Kite
Mississippi Kite
Bald Eagle
Northern Harrier
Sharp-shinned Hawk
Cooper’s Hawk
Northern Goshawk
Red-shouldered Hawk
Broad-winged Hawk
Swainson’s Hawk
Red-tailed Hawk
Ferruginous Hawk
Rough-legged Hawk
Golden Eagle

Order Falconiformes
Family Falconidae
Crested Caracara
American Kestrel
Peregrine Falcon
Prairie Falcon

Order Gruiformes
Family Rallidae
Yellow Rail
Virginia Rail
Common Gallinule
American Coot
Family Gruidae
Sandhill Crane
Whooping Crane

Order Charadriiformes
Family Charadriidae
Black-bellied Plover
American Golden-Plover
Snowy Plover
Semipalmated Plover
Piping Plover
Mountain Plover
Family Recurvirostridae
Black-necked Stilt
American Avocet
Family Scolopacidae
Spotted Sandpiper
Solitary Sandpiper
Greater Yellowlegs
Lesser Yellowlegs
Upland Sandpiper
Long-billed Curlew
Hudsonian Godwit
Marbled Godwit
Ruddy Turnstone
Black Turnstone
Red Knot
Semipalmated Sandpiper
Western Sandpiper
Least Sandpiper
White-rumped Sandpiper

Baird’s Sandpiper
Pectoral Sandpiper
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
Curlew Sandpiper
Stilt Sandpiper
Buff-breasted Sandpiper
Short-billed Dowitcher
Long-billed Dowitcher
Wilson’s Snipe
American Woodcock
Wilson’s Phalarope
Red-necked Phalarope
Red Phalarope
Family Laridae
Black-legged Kittiwake
Sabine’s Gull
Bonaparte’s Gull
Little Gull
Ross's Gull
Laughing Gull

Franklin’s Gull
Mew Gull
Ring-billed Gull
Western Gull
California Gull
Herring Gull
Thayer’s Gull
Iceland Gull
Lesser Black-backed Gull
Glaucous-winged Gull
Glaucus Gull
Great Black-backed Gull
Least Tern
Caspian Tern
Black Tern
Common Tern
Arctic Tern
Forster’s Tern
Family Stercorariidae
Pomarine Jaeger
Parasitic Jaeger
Long-tailed Jaeger

Family Alcidae
Long-billed Murrelet
Ancient Murrelet

Order Columbiformes
Family Columbidae
Rock Pigeon
Band-tailed Pigeon
Eurasian Collared-Dove
White-winged Dove
Mourning Dove
Inca Dove

Order Cuculiformes
Family Cuculidae
Yellow-billed Cuckoo
Black-billed Cuckoo

Order Strigiformes
Family Tytonidae
Barn Owl
Family Strigidae
Flammulated Owl
Western Screech-Owl
Eastern Screech-Owl
Great Horned Owl
Snowy Owl
Northern Hawk Owl
Northern Pygmy-Owl
Burrowing Owl
Barred Owl
Great Gray Owl
Long-eared Owl
Short-eared Owl
Boreal Owl
Northern Saw-whet Owl

Order Caprimulgiformes
Family Caprimulgidae
Common Nighthawk
Common Poorwill
Whip-poor-will species

Order Apodiformes
Family Apodidae
Black Swift
Chimney Swift
Vaux’s Swift
White-throated Swift
Family Trochilidae
Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Black-chinned Hummingbird
Anna’s Hummingbird
Costa’s Hummingbird

Calliope Hummingbird
Broad-tailed Hummingbird
Rufous Hummingbird

Order Coraciiformes
Family Alcedinidae
Belted Kingfisher

Order Piciformes
Family Picidae
Lewis’s Woodpecker
Red-headed Woodpecker
Red-bellied Woodpecker
Williamson’s Sapsucker
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Red-naped Sapsucker
Downy Woodpecker
Hairy Woodpecker
White-headed Woodpecker
American Three-toed Woodpecker
Black-backed Woodpecker
Northern Flicker
Pileated Woodpecker

Order Passeriformes
Family Tyrannidae
Olive-sided Flycatcher
Western Wood-Pewee
Eastern Wood-Pewee
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher

Alder Flycatcher
Willow Flycatcher
Least Flycatcher
Hammond’s Flycatcher
Gray Flycatcher
Dusky Flycatcher
Cordilleran Flycatcher
Eastern Phoebe
Say’s Phoebe
Vermilion Flycatcher
Ash-throated Flycatcher
Great Crested Flycatcher

Cassin’s Kingbird
Western Kingbird
Eastern Kingbird
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher
Family Laniidae
Loggerhead Shrike
Northern Shrike
Family Vireonidae
White-eyed Vireo
Yellow-throated Vireo

Plumbeous Vireo
Cassin’s Vireo
Blue-headed Vireo
Warbling Vireo
Philadelphia Vireo
Red-eyed Vireo
Family Corvidae
Gray Jay
Pinyon Jay
Steller’s Jay
Blue Jay
Western Scrub-Jay
Clark’s Nutcraker
Black-billed Magpie
American Crow
Common Raven
Family Alaudidae
Horned Lark
Family Hirundinidae
Purple Martin
Tree Swallow
Violet-green Swallow
Northern Rough-winged Swallow
Bank Swallow
Cliff Swallow
Barn Swallow

Family Paridae
Black-capped Chickadee
Mountain Chickadee
Chestnut-backed Chickadee
Boreal Chickadee
Family Sittidae
Red-breasted Nuthatch
White-breasted Nuthatch
Pygmy Nuthatch
Family Certhiidae
Brown Creeper
Family Troglodytidae
Rock Wren
Canyon Wren
Carolina Wren
Bewick’s Wren

House Wren
Pacific Wren
Winter Wren
Sedge Wren

Marsh Wren
Family Polioptilidae
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher
Family Cinclidae
American Dipper
Family Regulidae
Golden-crowned Kinglet
Ruby-crowned Kinglet
Family Turdidae
Eastern Bluebird
Western Bluebird
Mountain Bluebird
Townsend’s Solitaire
Gray-cheeked Thrush
Swainson’s Thrush
Hermit Thrush
Wood Thrush
American Robin
Varied Thrush
Family Mimidae
Gray Catbird
Northern Mockingbird
Sage Thrasher
Brown Thrasher
Curve-billed Thrasher
Family Sturnidae
European Starling
Family Prunellidae
Siberian Accentor
Family Motacillidae
American Pipit
Sprague’s Pipit
Family Bombycillidae
Bohemian Waxwing
Cedar Waxwing
Family Calcariidae
Lapland Longspur
Chestnut-collared Longspur
Smith’s Longspur
McCown’s Longspur
Snow Bunting
Family Parulidae
Northern Waterthrush
Golden-winged Warbler
Blue-winged Warbler

Black-and-white Warbler
Prothonotary Warbler
Tennessee Warbler
Orange-crowned Warbler
Nashville Warbler
Connecticut Warbler
MacGillivray’s Warbler
Mourning Warbler
Kentucky Warbler
Common Yellowthroat
Hooded Warbler
American Redstart
Cape May Warbler
Northern Parula
Magnolia Warbler
Bay-breasted Warbler
Blackburnian Warbler

Yellow Warbler
Chestnut-sided Warbler
Blackpoll Warbler
Black-throated Blue Warbler
Palm Warbler
Pine Warbler
Yellow-rumped Warbler
Yellow-throated Warbler
Prairie Warbler
Black-throated Gray Warbler

Townsend’s Warbler
Black-throated Green Warbler
Canada Warbler
Wilson’s Warbler
Painted Redstart
Yellow-breasted Chat
Family Emberizidae
Green-tailed Towhee
Spotted Towhee
Eastern Towhee
American Tree Sparrow
Chipping Sparrow
Clay-colored Sparrow
Brewer’s Sparrow
Field Sparrow
Vesper Sparrow
Lark Sparrow
Black-throated Sparrow
Sagebrush Sparrow

Lark Bunting
Savannah Sparrow
Grasshopper Sparrow
Baird’s Sparrow
Le Conte’s Sparrow
Nelson’s Sharp-tailed Sparrow
Fox Sparrow
Song Sparrow
Lincoln’s Sparrow
Swamp Sparrow
White-throated Sparrow
Harris’s Sparrow
White-crowned Sparrow
Golden-crowned Sparrow
Dark-eyed Junco
Family Cardinalidae
Summer Tanager
Scarlet Tanager
Western Tanager
Northern Cardinal

Rose-breasted Grosbeak
Black-headed Grosbeak
Blue Grosbeak
Lazuli Bunting
Indigo Bunting
Painted Bunting
Family Icteridae
Red-winged Blackbird
Eastern Meadowlark
Western Meadowlark
Yellow-headed Blackbird
Rusty Blackbird
Brewer’s Blackbird
Common Grackle
Great-tailed Grackle
Brown-headed Cowbird
Orchard Oriole
Hooded Oriole
Bullock's Oriole
Baltimore Oriole
Family Fringillidae
Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch
Black Rosy-Finch
Pine Grosbeak
Purple Finch
Cassin’s Finch
House Finch
Red Crossbill
White-winged Crossbill
Common Redpoll
Hoary Redpoll
Pine Siskin
Lesser Goldfinch
American Goldfinch
Evening Grosbeak
Family Passeridae
House Sparrow

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